Trilobite References

Trilobites References and Literature

Class Trilobita References

Aguinaldo, A. M. A.; et. al. (1997). "Evidence for a clade of nematodes, arthropods and other moulting animals". Nature 387 (6632): 489–493.

Anderson D.T. Pergamon press; Oxford: 1973. Embryology and Phylogeny in Annelids and Arthropods.

Ballard, J. W. O., O. Ballard, G. J. Olsen, D. P. Faith, W. A. Odgers, D. M. Rowell and P. Atkinson. 1992. Evidence from 12S ribosomal RNA sequences that onychophorans are modified arthropods. Science 258:1345-1348.

Bell MA and Braddy SJ, (2012) Cope's rule in the Ordovician trilobite family Asaphidae (order Asaphida): patterns across multiple most parsimonious trees, Historical Biology 24 (3), 223-230.

Chatterton, DB, Fortey, R., Brett, K., Gibb, S. and McKellar, R. (2006) Trilobites from the upper Lower to Middle Devonian Timrhanrhart Formation, Jbel Gara et Zguilma, southern Morocco, Palaeontographica Canadiana, no. 25.

Chatterton, BD; Speyer, S. E. (1997), "Ontogeny", in Kaesler, R. L., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida, Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA: The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas, pp. 173–247,

Clarkson, E. N. K. (1979), "The Visual System of Trilobites", Palaeontology, Encyclopedia of Earth Science 22: 1–22.

Clarkson, E. N. (1997), "The Eye, Morphology, Function and Evolution", in Kaesler, R. L., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida, Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA: The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas, pp. 114–132.

Clarkson, EN and Levi-Setti R., (1975) Trilobite eyes and the optics of Des Cartes and Huygens. Nature. 24;254(5502):663-7.

Clarkson E. N., Riccardo Levi-Setti, and Gabor Horvath (2006), The eyes of trilobites: The oldest preserved visual system, Arthropod Structure & Development (Elsevier) 35 (4): 247–259.

Crônier, C, and Fortey R. , (2006) Morphology and Ontogeny of an Early Devonian Phacopid Trilobite with Reduced Sight from Southern Thailand, Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 80, No. 3 (May, 2006), pp. 529-536

Darwin, Charles, The Origin of Species.

Dunn et al., et al. (2008). "Broad phylogenomic sampling improves resolution of the animal tree of life". Nature 452 (7188): 745–749.

Ebach, M.C. & K.J. McNamara. (2002), A systematic revision of the family Harpetidae (Trilobita). Records of the Western Australian Museum 21:135-67.

Fabulous Fossils 300 Years of Worldwide Research on Trilobites, Mikulic, DG et al., ed, (2007) New York State Museum Bulletin 507.

Feist, R., and Clarkson, E.N. (1986), Evolution of the last Tropidocoryphinae (Trilobita) during the Frasnian, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, Berlin Springer.

Fichter, George S. (1995). Endangered animals. USA: Golden Books Publishing Company. p. 5.

Fossil Science: About the Nine Orders of Class Trilobita, (Retrieved December, 2013)

Fortey, RA & Chatterton BDE (1988). Classification of the Trilobite Suborder Asaphina. Palaeontology 31:165-222.

Fortey, Richard (1990). Ontogeny, hypostome attachment and trilobite classification. Palaeontology 33:529-76.

Fortey, R A & Owens RM. (1999). The Trilobite Exoskeleton. in: Functional Morphology of the Invertebrate Skeleton. John Wiley & Sons.

Fortey, R (2000) Olenid trilobites: The oldest known chemoautotrophic symbionts?, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (12): 6574–6548.

Fortey, R(2001).Trilobite systematics: The last 75 years, Journal of Paleontology 75: 1141–51.

Fortey, R (2004). The Lifestyles of Trilobites, American Scientist, Vol. 92.

Early Cambrian Biota of the Maotianshan Shales of Chengjiang China, (Retrieved April 8, 2014)

Hollingsworth, JW, (2005) The earliest occurrence of trilobites and brachiopods in the Cambrian of Laurentia Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 220, Issues 1-2, 2, 153-165.

Holloway, David J., (2005) The trilobite genera Eocryphops and Plagiolaria (Phacopidae), Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 79(2):227-239.

Hone DW, Benton MJ (2005). "The evolution of large size: how does Cope's Rule work?". Trends in Ecology and Evolution (Amst.) Vol 20 (1): 4–6.

Hughes, Nigel C , (2003) Trilobite Tagmosis and Body Patterning from Morphological and Developmental Perspectives Oxford Journals, Life Sciences, Integrative and Comparative Biology, Volume 43, Issue 1 Pg. 185-206.

Hughes, NC, Haug JY, Basal euarthropod development: a fossil-based perspective [PDF]

Hughes, NC, Minelli a, and Fusco, G (2006) The ontogeny of trilobite segmentation: a comparative approach.
Paleotology 32(4), 2006, pp. 602–627.

Janssen R, Bo J, Noel T and Graham Budd G (2014) Onychophoran Hox genes and the evolution of arthropod Hox gene expression. Frontiers in Zoology, 11:22.

Geological Time Significant Events in Evolution, the Fossil Record, Paleontology and Paleobiology (Retrieved October, 2014)

Lieberman, BS and Karim TS, ( 2010) "Tracing the trilobite tree from the root to the tips: a model marriage of fossils and phylogeny" Arthropod Structure & Development Vol. 39 pg. 111-123.

Lieberman, BS (1999A), "Testing the Darwinian Legacy of the Cambrian Radiation Using Trilobite Phylogeny and Biogeography", Journal of Paleontology 73 (2): 176–181.

Lieberman, B.S. (1999B). "Systematic Revision of the Olenelloidea (Trilobita, Cambrian)". Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 45.

Lieberman, B. S., (2002), "Phylogenetic analysis of some basal early Cambrian trilobites, the biogeographic origins of the eutrilobita, and the timing of the Cambrian radiation", Journal of Paleontology (4 ed.) 76 (4): 692–708.

Lieberman, B. S. (2003), "Taking the pulse of the Cambrian radiation", Integrative and Comparative Biology 43: 229–237

Perez, D. (2003) The Evolutionarily Triumphant G-Protein-Coupled Receptor, Molecular Pharmacology June 2003 vol. 63 no. 6 1202-1205.

Müller, K. J. & D. Walossek. (1987) Morphology, ontogeny and life habit of Agnostus pisiformis from the Upper Cambrian of Sweden. Fossils and Strata 19:1-124.

Munnecke, A., Samtleben, C., Bickert, T. (2003). "The Ireviken Event in the lower Silurian of Gotland, Sweden-relation to similar Palaeozoic and Proterozoic events". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 195 (1): 99–124.

Nedin, C. (1999), "Anomalocaris predation on nonmineralized and mineralized trilobites", Geology 27 (11): 987–990,

Ødegaard, Frode (2000), "How many species of arthropods? Erwin’s estimate revised.", Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 71 (4): 583–597.

Ou Q, Liu J, Shu D, Han J, Zhang Z, Wan X, Lei Q. (2011) A rare onychophoran-like lobopodian from the Lower Cambrian Chengjiang Lagerstätte, Southwest China, and its phylogenetic implications., Journal of Paleontology 2011, 85:587-594. [Article]

Rudkin, D.A., Young, G. A., Elias, R. J., Dobrzanske, E. P. (2003). The world's biggest trilobite: Isotelus rex new species from the Upper Ordovician of northern Manitoba, Canada, Palaeontology 70 (1): 99–112.

Fossil Science: About Russian Trilobites, (Retrieved March, 2014)

Sole, R. V., and Newman, M., 2002. "Extinctions and Biodiversity in the Fossil Record - Volume Two, The earth system: biological and ecological dimensions of global environment change" pp. 297-391, Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, John Wilely & Sons.

Telford MJ, Bourlat SJ, Economou A, Papillon D, Rota-Stabelli O (2008). "The evolution of the Ecdysozoa". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci. 363 (1496): 1529–37. [Article]

Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (1997), Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas.

Wignall, Paul B.; Richard J. Twitchett (1996). Oceanic Anoxia and the End Permian Mass Extinction. Science. 272 (5265): 1155–1158.

Waloszek, D., Chen, J., Maas, A. & Wang, X. (2005) Early Cambrian arthropods – new insights into arthropod head and structural evolution. Arthropod Structure & Development 34, 189-205.

Waloszek, D. & Dunlop, J. A. (2002) A larval sea spider (Arthropoda: Pycnogonida) from the Upper Cambrian Orsten of Sweden, and the phylogenetic position of pycnogonids. Palaeontology 45, 421– 446.

Waloszek, D. & Maas, A. (2005) The evolutionary history of crustacean segmentation: a fossil-based perspective. Evolution & Development 7, 515– 527.

Webster, M, (2007) A Cambrian Peak in Morphological Variation Within Trilobite Species. Science, Vol 317, 499-502.

Fossil Science: Weeks Formation Trilobites, (Retrieved July, 2014)

Whittington H. (1978) The lobopod animal Aysheaia pedunculata Walcott, Middle Cambrian, Burgess Shale, British Columbia. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1978, 284:165-197.

Whittington, H. B. (1997), "Morphology of the Exoskeleton", in Kaesler, R. L., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, revised. Volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida, Boulder, CO & Lawrence, KA: The Geological Society of America, Inc. & The University of Kansas

Whittington, H. B. et al. (1997) Part O, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Revised, Volume 1 – Trilobita – Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida. 1997